La chiave e la bussola. Sul carattere della Scienza Nuova di Vico

The following essay deals with the Giambattista Vico’s masterpiece. Many aspects of la Scienza Nuova (1744) are still subject to scholarly debate in the present day, including its character, for some scholars stressing its geometric structure while others are attracted to its poetic and imaginative features. Beginning with what I believe to be a central topic of Vico’s work, the «teogonia naturale», I suggest that this science displays a particular and passionate rationalism.