L’esperienza e la funzione del pensare nella filosofia di Bertrando Spaventa

The last Bertrando Spaventa’s speculation was marked out by the need to answer to the positivist demand to replace the traditional epistemological approach with a scientific method ables to promote a simply empirical knowledge. In this paper, I intend to show how did Spaventa prove that the process of knowledge needs metaphysics in order to set itself up and be realized; at the same time, it isn’t a false or wrong acquisition. According to Spaventa, the knowledge is grounded on a trascendental activity which represents ‘thought’ as such.